The EPZs were established over 50 years. Their management modes, major products, and operational mechanisms were reformed every 10 to 20 years.
Up to now, the EPZs have already experienced five stages: "Establishment of Traditional Industries,” "Industries’ Adjustment," "Transformation & Expansions," "Industries’ Clustering," and "Innovation Promotion". The roles of the EPZA have changed from high control to smartly value-added service for customer orientation.
Besides, the main products of the EPZs have been transformed from low-end OEM products to high-end OEM products, and also towards R&D, design, manufacturing, marketing, branding and logistics. Presently, the EPZs have been developing towards system integrated products.
|Time||Phase I 1966~1986||Phase II 1987~1996||Phase III 1997~2006||Phase IV 2007~2016||Phase V 2017~|
|Development Stages||Establishment of Traditional Industries||Industries' Adjustment||Transformation & Expansions||Industries' Clustering||Innovation Promotion|
|Roles of the EPZA||High Control||Aggressive Management||Deregulation||Innovative Services||Smartly Value-added|
|Products Evolutions||Low-end OEM Products
e.g. Clothing (T-Shirts), Leather, Handcrafts, Plastics
|Middle-end OEM Products
e.g. Camera Lenses, IC, Clothing (Dark Suits), Metal Products (Bolts, Nuts, Nails, etc.)
|High-end OEM Products
High-end & Intermediate-end IC, Optics, LCD, Digital Cameras, Information Services
|High Value-added Products
High-end Key IC, TFT-LCD, Information Software, Digital Contents, and R&D
|System Integrated Products
Systematic IC, AR / VR Application Products, Cloud Computing, Cultural Design
|Operation Models||Processing||Manufacturing||R & D, Design, Manufacturing Logistics||R&D, Design, Manufacturing, Marketing, Branding, Logistics (Multi-modality)||Smart Management & Operations|